Orange County District Attorney on Defense as ACLU Suit Against Gang Injunction is Heard
The formal name of the case is American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) v. Orange County District Attorney (OCDA) Tony Rackauckas and Orange Police Department (OPD) Chief Robert Gustafson.
The ACLU class-action lawsuit alleges the OCDA and OPD "illegally" placed dozens of residents under a gang injunction after first deliberately preventing them from arguing in court that they don't belong to gangs.
|ACLU of Southern California|
|ACLU/SC staff attorney Belinda Escobosa Helzer with Miguel Bernal Lara, a college student the ACLU says is falsely accused of gang ties.|
A gang injunction is a civil order that restricts or prohibits documented gang members from participating in specific acts or activities within a designated area, or "Safety Zone," that may not be inherently criminal.
They are intended to curb intimidating or harassing behavior by subjecting gang members who enter the zones with arrest, prosecution and up to six months in jail.
The gang is named as the defendant under the injunction, which covers all "active, documented members" and their associates. In September 2008, the OCDA's fifth gang injunction in Orange County was made permanent against Orange Varrio Cypress (OVC), an "Orange criminal street gang" with 150 active, documented members since 1990.
A rival gang embroiled in a violent turf war in Orange was served to 108 members of that group in February and March of 2009, according to the OCDA, which claims crime has dropped in the Safety Zones ever since.
After 62 of those named in the OVC injunction challenged the allegations that they are gang members or that a gang injunction is justified, Rackauckas dropped them from the complaint--and then two weeks later named them in a new injunction against the gang and "all members of the gang, whether or not named in the original lawsuit."