Message to Indies: How to Release Your Own Vinyl Record

Categories: record releases
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Brandon Ferguson
Last night the Grammy Museum in Los Angeles hosted a panel discussion on the process of vinyl production as it pertains to small artists. Among the four panelists on stage at the Clive Davis Theatre was Infrasonic Sound owner/mastering engineer Pete Lyman, who was featured in my recent cover story on the resurgence of records in recent years. The discussion reinforced what people in the business have known for some time--that despite the recent increase in vinyl sales, it's still an indie band's game.

And the consensus at last night's discussion wasn't that any yuck with a garage band should start pressing platters; rather, the goal  was to give an idea of what goes into the process and what the options are. Rule number one: It ain't cheap. A quick estimate of the services from cutting the laquer, to pressing the product to manufacturing the jackets yielded a base total just north of $2,000.
Offering a comprehensive of the overall process, Lyman was joined on the stage of the Clive Davis theater by  DJ/producer/label owner Peanut Butter Wolf,  vinyl pressing plant operator Kevin Smith and Jennifer Freund CEO of Dorado Packaging, which manufactures album covers. The panel was  moderated by the owner of Echo Park-based Origami Vinyl, Neil Shield, He explained that though his business is profitable, he doesn't move massive quantities of product. He estimated he sold only 75 copies of Beach House's album last year. "I'm not saying don't do it. I'm saying be smart about the decisions you make," Shield said.
 
 There were several moments throughout the hour-long discussion that tread into heavy tech talk and saw such terms as phase issues, tracing distortion and bit rate being thrown around with abandon, there were plenty of pithy nuggets of wisdom to glean. Here are some things Joe Indie Band might want to consider before embarking on this process:

Keep it simple - Though there are choices, fancy vinyl can lead to issues with audio quality. "Transparent colors tend to have a little more surface noise," explained Smith. 

Keep it short - For optimum sound quality, keep the album at 15 minutes per side. Lyman explained that it's because of the spacing of the grooves, as well as the angle of the tone arm on the record player and the surface covered at different points on the vinyl which can cause "tracing distortion." Of course if you really need record your opus, there's always the option of pressing a double LP. "Most records I cut these days are 20 minutes a side," says Lyman.

Multitask - Don't wait until you're finished mastering your record to send artwork to the printer. Differences in calibration between your computer and the printer's computer can lead to disappointment down the road. There's also lots of choices to make about the types of folds, UV coatings and varnishes. "While you're visiting Pete, submit your art," said Freund.


Don't be a douchebag - While there are options as to the gram weight of vinyl, last night's panelists  don't subscribe to the notion that a record has to be pressed on 180 gram vinyl to sound good. "There are some myths out there," Lyman said about people's conceptions of 180 gram. "(People say) the grooves are cut deeper so it sounds better, which is completely untrue." Added Smith, "We try and stay in the 140, 150 gram range."

Once again, keep it simple - Don't feel like you have to press 500 records if you can't move them. The last thing you want is a garage full of unsold records--it's bad for band morale. Kevin Smith will accept orders for as few as 50 records, with the band maintaining possession of the stampers. You can always make more. Summing up his business model, Smith related a quote handed down by his father "Stay with the small guy. He's the one that will always come back to you."
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2 comments
MayhemInTheHood
MayhemInTheHood

Step 1: if you didn't record your album on tape/analog, then don't even bother.

It never made much sense to me to record something digitally and then release it on vinyl. If someone tells you "it sounds better", they are lying.

OffCentral
OffCentral

 Hey Mayhem - the panel actually made some pretty substantial arguments as to how that isn't always the case.  As a matter of fact, many of the "classic" albums people have as re-issues were mastered from digital sources. Quite an interesting conundrum.

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